I. Overview of Packaging and Printing Industry
According to the classification of packaging materials, the packaging industry can be divided into paper packaging, metal packaging, plastic packaging, glass packaging and other sub-industries. According to the statistical results of China Packaging Union in 2011, the paper packaging market accounted for 39%, followed by plastic packaging, metal packaging and glass packaging markets, accounting for 34%, 17% and 6% respectively.
According to relevant data, the scale of global packaging market has grown rapidly since 2007, which is expected to reach 820 billion US dollars in 2016, with a compound annual growth rate of about 4.74%. Among them, paper packaging products will occupy an increasingly important position in the future packaging industry because of their low price, green environmental protection and excellent processing performance.
The Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Transformation and development of China's Packaging Industry issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Commerce put forward that the growth rate of packaging Industry development should keep pace with the growth rate of national economy, and the scale of Industry development should adapt to the demand of supporting services. By 2020, the annual main business income of the packaging industry will reach 2.5 trillion yuan, and more than 15 enterprises or groups with an annual output value exceeding 5 billion yuan will be formed. The number of listed companies and high-tech enterprises will increase substantially, and new industrialized industrial demonstration bases with outstanding characteristics of the packaging industry will be actively cultivated to form a number of well-known brands with strong influence.
Second, the development of the global corrugated packaging industry
(1) Asia has become one of the major producing areas of corrugated packaging industry in the world
According to ICCA statistics of the International Corrugated Boxes Association, in 2015, the output and sales volume of corrugated boxes in Asia accounted for a relatively large proportion, reaching 51.2%, followed by Europe, North America, Central and South America, Africa and Oceania.
Main production and sales areas of corrugated boxes in the world in 2015
(2) The growth rate of the global corrugated packaging industry
From 2013 to 2016, the global corrugated industry maintained an average growth rate of 4%; Among emerging markets, South America including Brazil, Chile and Argentina has an average annual growth rate of 3%, Southeast Asia such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam has a growth rate of about 7%, Central and Eastern Europe has a growth rate of 4%, and China has a faster growth rate of 7%. It is expected that China will maintain its leading position in the global corrugated packaging market in the future.
Average global corrugated growth rate from 2013 to 2016
(3) The overseas corrugated packaging market is highly concentrated
It is obviously different from the domestic market. At present, the overseas corrugated packaging market is highly concentrated. The total market share of the five largest carton manufacturers in the United States exceeds 70%, and only InternationalPaper has reached 27%; The total share of the top three carton manufacturers in Taiwan also exceeded 50%. Although the domestic corrugated box market is large in scale, the market maturity is lower than the international level, and the market is very scattered, with a concentration less than 10%. With the professional development of carton manufacturing and the promotion of consumption upgrading, the differences within the industry will gradually widen, leading enterprises will accelerate integration and mergers and acquisitions, and the survival of the fittest will be eliminated. It is an inevitable trend to enhance market concentration in the future.
Third, the development of corrugated packaging industry in China
(1) the development of corrugated packaging market in China
Although the annual output of corrugated boxes in China fluctuates due to short-term supply and demand, the average annual growth rate has reached 20.9% since 2000. In 2015, the cumulative output of corrugated boxes in China was 40.3151 million tons, accounting for about 80% of China's paper packaging products.